Body Code Sessions

Body Code

The body code is a system in which the trained practitioner uses a computer program in combination with energy medicine. The Body Code was developed by Dr. Bradley Nelson, a very successful Holistic Chiropractor. The Body Code consists of identifying and clearing imbalances in the following areas:

Energies– Many different types of energies greatly affect us on many levels. These include post traumatic energies, offensive energies, mental energies and more. These energies become trapped in the physical body and produce very real problems on the physical level.

Circuitry- The body’s energy systems consist of the meridians, chakras, and each organ and gland has circuit links to other areas of the body. An imbalance in one of these areas will have repercussions elsewhere in the body just as a blown circuit in your house will affect areas in different rooms on the same circuit.

Toxins- Identifying and clearing the toxins in your body can make a huge difference in your physical and mental health. These will show up in the body code even when they do not show up on other diagnostic tests because your subconscious knows far more than any lab test.

Pathogens- Viral, bacterial, fungal, mold and parasites can be identified and addressed with the body code.

Structural imbalances- Every organ, gland, bone, ligament, muscle and other connective tissue can become imbalanced. These imbalances can be identified and addressed using the body code.

Nutritional deficiencies– These can also be identified and corrected using the body code. Book your session today!

What is Black Salve?

michelangelo-71282_640So what exactly is “Black Salve”? When used in the context of natural herbal cures and abnormally replicating skin cells, often in the form of moles and skin tags, black salve is a combination of herbs that have a synergistic action when combined together with zinc chloride and often DMSO. The original formula “Black Salves” that have thousands of users that will testify as to how the salve reacted on certain skin conditions are typically made from a special combination of Bloodroot also known as Sanguinaria canadensis, Zinc chloride, Chaparral, Burdock root, Yellowdock, Graviola root, and are mixed in a base of oils or water.

I have studied conventional and traditional medicine for years and have combined the original recipe ingredients with other herbs and specific healing oils that recent scientific evidence has shown to have anti tumor properties and anti cancer properties. However, do to regulations by the FDA, no seller or manufacturer of any black salve can make claims that the salves can diagnose, treat or cure any type of disease. The information I am providing here is strictly for you to do your own research on. There are many scientific studies on the individual herbs and oils that I use in my products and the information presented here is just a summary of the science on the ingredients. No black salve is FDA approved. If you are seeking FDA approved treatments or drugs then you need to seek the advice of a licensed Medical Doctor. I am licensed as by the Pastoral Medical Association this is not the same as a licensed medical doctor. I am also a traditional naturopath and holistic healthcare practitioner. I have several Naturopathic Medical Doctors and other traditional healers that use my products. The purpose of the Pastoral Medical Association is:

“Our real purpose is to help people get back to health the way God intended”
We are one big family working together to put
the Almighty’s messages for good health first!

I use a special method of preparing the herbal blend with these oils in a temperature controlled environment to ensure that the entire formula is synergistically blended and safe for use when used according to the directions. My specific formulas contain the ingredients: Bloodroot, Chaparral, zinc Chloride, burdock root, yellowdock root, graviola root, goldenseal, Echinacea, thyme, turmeric, myrrh resin, CPTG myrrh essential oil, grapeseed oil, castor oil, neem oil, hemp seed oil, apricot oil, DMSO, CPTG thyme essential oil and CPTG frankincense oil.

I have very carefully studied the properties of each of the herbs and oils used in my formulas. Space will limit providing all of the research here, however references will be placed at the end of this article. The most important ingredient is of course the bloodroot or Sanguinarine canadendid root. The attributes this plant possesses are remarkable, many researchers and doctors have investigated these benefits. Below is an analysis of the chemical compounds of bloodroot:13-methyl[1,3]benzodioxolo[5,6-c]-1,3-dioxolo[4,5-i]phenanthridinium; the sap of the plant is bright red and is especially abundant with the alkaloid sanguinarine which is derived from rhizome (root system ), a benzophenanthridine alkaloid and a structural homologue of chelerythrine. Sanguinarine is known for its anti-cancer/anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial(Sanguinarine broad in vitro activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, fungi, and some protozoa), anti-oxidant, and expectorant properties.

Skin cancers are a result of uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells, in other words the normal cell death or apoptosis does not occur. The effect of sanguinarine and its antiproliferative and apoptosis nature was investigated it was discovered that sanguinarine stops cancerous cell rapid growth, stops the promotion of human epidermoid carcinoma cells, sanguinarine promotes natural apoptosis of cancereous cells and will not promote cell death of healthy tissue.

Sanguinarine has been used for hundreds of years. The extract is used in many over the counter products including toothpaste because of its anti-inflammatory properties and their effects on ginvival inflammation.

Sanguinaria Kills Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Sanguinarine treatment was found to result in a dose-dependent decrease in the viability of squamous cell carcinoma. Normally cancerous cells are unable to experience apoptosis by natural means. Sanguinarine (13-methyl[1,3]benzodioxolo[5,6-c]-1,3-dioxolo[4,5-i]phenanthridinium) at 1-, 2-, and 5-µM doses was able to kill the cancerous tissue. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) ladder assay demonstrated that, compared to vehicle-treated control, sanguinarine treatment of squamous cell carcinoma resulted in an induction of programmed cell death as signaled by the nuclei in functioning cells. This process is characterized by cleavage of the DNA into fragments that give a so called laddering pattern then the solid phase of the cell liquefies.

Sanguinaria Will Not Promote Necrosis To Healthy Skin Tissue
Sanguinarine treatment did not result in the formation of a DNA ladder or necrosis in normal human skin tissue. Necrosis did not occur even at the very high dose of 2 , 5, and 10 µM of sanguinarine. The results were viewed and verified with confocal microscopy.

The DNA cell cycle analysis showed that sanguinarine treatment did not significantly affect the distribution of cells among the different phases of the cell cycle in squamous cell carcinoma. (This is especially important because this proves definitely that sanguinarine will not affect the DNA of cells.) The researchers’ work proves that sanguinarine is an effective natural anticancer chemical, and under normal circumstance sanguinarine will not promote damage to healthy tissue.

The Mechanism
Studies have shown that sanguinarine is a inhibitor of the activation of nuclear transcription factor NF-B, which has been implicated to play a key role in the regulation of cell growth, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis. The anti-tumor properties of this alkaloid are constantly being reestablished.

Frankincense and Myrrh

Chen et al. (2013) reported on studies in which breast cancer cells MCF-7 cells “showed that the myrrh, frankincense and the mixture of essential oils were capable of inducing apoptosis in the MCF‑7 cells in a concentration‑dependent manner (Fig. 2). A dose‑dependent induction of the apoptotic cells was performed to investigate the apoptosis rate. The early‑and late‑stage apoptosis rates of the MCF‑7 cells induced by 40 μg/ml myrrh, frankincense” (p. 1140) Chen et al. (2013) continued to relate the results of their study, The results indicated that the MCF‑7 and HS‑1 cell lines showed increased sensitivity to the myrrh and frankincense essential oils compared with the remaining cell lines. In addition, the anticancer effects of myrrh were markedly increased…”.

In another study frankincense oil was examine in relation to its effect on human bladder cancer J82 cells and the frankincense essential oil suppressed the cell viability of the transitional carcinoma J82 cells. The study results led the researchers to the conclusion that frankincense oil does “activate genes that are responsible for cell cycle arrest, cell growth suppression and, apoptosis in J82 cells” (Frank et al. 2009, p. 9)furthermore, the J82 cell death induced by the frankincense did not cause DNA fragmentation which is normally expressed in apoptosis Frank et al. (2009). The authors concluded that the frankincense oil appeared to be capable of distinguishing cancerous bladder cells from normal bladder cells while suppressing cancer cell viability Frank et al. (2009). Studies such as this have led to my decision to include frankincense in my FrankinThyme bloodroot black salve.

I will update this from time to time with science on the other ingredients so this list is not exhaustive by any means.


Chen, Y., Zhou, C., Ge, Z., Liu, Y., Yuming, L., Weiyi, F., Sen, L., Guoyou, C. and Taiming, W. (2013). Composition and potential anticancer activities of essential oils obtained from myrrh and frankincense. ONCOLOGY LETTERS 6: 1140-1146, 2013 DOI: 10.3892/ol.2013.1520

Frank, M., Yang, Q., Osban, J., Azzarello, J., Sabans, M., Sabans, R., Ashley, R., Welter, J., Kar-Ming, F., and Hsueh-Kung, L., (2009). Frankincense oil derived from Boswellia carteri induces tumor cell specific cytotoxicity. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 9(6) doi:10, 1186/1472-6882—6.:

Hussain, A., Al-Jomah, N., Siraj, A., Manogaran, P., Al-Hussein, K., Abubaker, J. Platanias, L., Al-Kurya, K. and Uddin, S. (2007). Experimental therapeutics, molecular targets, and chemical biology Sanguinarine-dependent induction of apoptosis in primary effusion lymphoma cells. Cancer Research 67, doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-06-3764

Vogt, A., Tamewitz, A., Skoko, J., Sikorski, R., Giuliano, K., Lazo, J. (2005). The bensocphenathridine alkaloid, sanguinarine, is a selective, cell-active inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 280(19) doi:10.1074./jbcM501467200

The Energetic and Emotional Aspects of Essential Oils

meditation-1384758_640Electromagnetic Energy

Energy is described as a force that can take many forms and be manifested in many ways. Everything in the universe has energetic vibration, this type of energy is referred to as Electromagnetic Energy.

• The earth resonates between 24 and 67 MicroTeslas

• The human heart averages about 225 MHz which is about 5000 times stronger than the electrical signals from the brain.

• The muscles, organs and cells have lower MHz readings in this order.

Energy Movement

• Energy travels at the rate of 130,200,000 miles per SECOND – consider this in relation to distant healing.

• Every physiologic process , your thoughts, emotions have specific vibratory frequencies and these vibrations travel

throughout your body in the same fashion that a ripple on a pond travels.

Energetic Vibrations

Plants, Gemstones, Colors, Sound, Food, Water all have varying vibrational frequencies.

Entrainment is the key to understanding how energy, sound, light and color therapies work. Entrainment is defined as the synchronization of rhythms to an external field. When energy fields are in close proximity the weaker frequency can entrain with the stronger frequency and begin vibrating at the higher frequency. This explains how energy therapies such as Reiki and Quantum Touch are effective. The practitioner is trained to raise their own personal frequency to a higher level that is better suited for healing to occur. By way of entrainment, the patient or client’s frequency rises to the same level and healing begins from within. For more info: ntrainment.htm

Vibrational Frequency Chart

Fresh Herbs 20-27 MHz

Fresh Produce 5-10 MHz

Dry Herbs

• Cat’s Purr


25- 15


0 MHz

Processed and canned food

Healthy Human Body

0 MHz

62-68 MHz

• Human body when experiencing the following conditions:

• Cold symptoms 58 MHz

Flu symptoms

58 MHz

• Candida (yeast ) 55 MHz

• Before death 25 MHz

Onset of cancer

42 MHz

Therapeutic grade essential oils contain the highest frequencies of any substances yet tested. There is a huge difference between essential oil grades both biologically, aromatically and energetically. You will pay considerably more for the high grade oils but they are incredibly potent and it only takes a few drops for the effects.

Synthetic, and lower grade essential oils register lower frequencies as low as zero. These can actually lower your own vibrational frequencies and are often the cause of “allergic” effects that some experience with essential oils.

Therapeutic Grade Essential Oil Frequency Chart

• Rose 320 MHz

• Helichrysum 181 MHz

• Lavender 118 MHz

• Blue Tansy 105 MHz

• German Chamomile 105 MHz

• Melissa 102 MHz

• Juniper 98 MHz

• Peppermint 78 MHz

• Basil 52 MHz

Bruce Taino performed several studies in which he measured the frequencies of essential oils before and after they were subjected to negative thoughts, positive thoughts and prayer. Interestingly, the negative thoughts lowered the oils frequencies by 12 MHz, positive thoughts raised them by 10 MHz and prayer raised them by 15 MHz This is an excellent example of the power of thought and entrainment.

Biological Effects of Essential Oils

• Essential oils clean cell receptor sites. Citrus oils are very good at this.

• Deprogram faulty cellular and DNA info, this is important when dealing with

autoimmune disorders, cancers etc.

• Reprogram RNA and DNA

• Fight off microbial, fungal and bacterial pathogens. Oregano, clove, cinnamon

are some of the strongest most effective oils for this purpose.

• Balance body functions. Clary sage is one that helps regulate hormones.

• Excellent source of anti-oxidants. Essential oils have the highest levels of


• Enhance healing. Helichrysum , myrrh and frankincense are great healers.

• Frankincense molecules are very small and are able to cross the blood brain barrier thus making it an excellent choice for dementia, depression and mood related disorders.

Emotional Energetic Component

Emotion= A psychological state that arises spontaneously rather than through conscious effort and is often accompanied by physiological changes. Often referred to as a “feeling”. Every thought, every emotion have specific vibratory frequencies and the energetic wave travels throughout the body the same way the ripple on the pond does.

As you can see from the handful of vibrational frequencies listed on previous pages it is clear that there are tremendous differences between the vibrational frequencies of everything on this earth and in our bodies. It is also very apparent

that the quality of the foods, substances, medicines and essential oils that we use in our daily lives and practices should be of the highest natural quality as possible. It is not just the nutritional content or ingredient list that we need to be concerned with but also the effect these will have on our energy field. There are only 2 brands of essential oils that I will personally use in my personal and professional practice.

They both are unique in their own ways and both are sourced internationally from regions where the medicinal properties of the plants from which they are distilled are the highest available. These brands are doterra

and Ameo essential oils . I always offer free consultations for those seeking specific oils for their health conditions so please call 928-713-5617 or email me for help choosing what oils are best for your concerns.


Belief about the trauma


Energetic vibrations are transferred and stored throughout cellular memory, the energetic vibrations from the trauma, the response and the belief travel like the waves of the pond ripple and can get trapped in different body tissues and cells and can become emotional cysts that in turn if not released cause symptoms and disease. All of your organs, bones and glands have specific frequencies.

Common bile duct

Trapped Emotional Energetic


• The energetic vibrational frequencies from unresolved emotions can get trapped in which ever body part has a similar frequency.

• This energy can reside there and cause physical or emotional symptoms until it is released and dealt with. The energy from physical trauma without an emotional component are referred to as energy cysts. The energy from trauma with an emotional component can form emotional cysts.

How Do We Release The Emotional and Energetic Cysts

How do we release this trapped emotional energy?

• Physical methods/energetic combo therapies

• Massage

• Cranial-Sacral unwinding

• Myofascial unwinding

• Psychotherapy

• Talk it out

• Energetic methods

• Essential oils

• Reiki

• Quantum Touch

• Mind Body Methods

• Breath work

• Guided Imagery

• Journaling

• Drawing

How Essential Oils Work on the Energetic Level

The amygdala files emotional experiences but does not respond to sound , touch, light or touch nor does it respond to  spoken or written words.
The olfactory system gives immediate access to the Amygdala and aromas open the gateway to the central brain. This makes it possible for us to access forgotten memories of emotions we have not yet dealt with.

Tangible Symptoms of Trapped Energy

• Chronic Pain

• Diseases such as cancer

• Somatic illness-symptoms with no apparent physiological basis

• Social, emotional and spiritual malfunctions.

Anger is often stored in the Liver Bitterness is stored in the gall bladder Rage is stored in the Hypothalamus Grief is stored in the Lungs Resentment is stored in the Joints

The reasons for this are likely the vibratory frequencies of the emotions corresponding in some way to the frequencies of the organs.

Emotion Specific Oils
Emotional Abuse:

• Melissa

• Roman Chamomile


• Bergomot

• Lavender

• Melissa

• Roman Chamomile

• Juniper

• Patchouli

Release of Unexpressed


• Ginger

• Patchouli

• Cedar wood

• Black Pepper

• Clove

• Melissa

• Patchouli

• Roman Chamomile

• Lavender

• Vetiver

• Cypress

Sexual Abuse:

• Grapefruit

• Cinnamon

• Cassia

• Black pepper

• Clove

• Frankincense

• Patchouli

• Marjoram

• Fennel


• Wild Orange

• Ylang ylang

• Bergamot

• Geranium

• Roman Chamomile

• Grapefruit

• Helichrysum

• Clary Sage


• Frankincense

• Helichrysum

• Vetiver

• Basil

• Bergamot

• Juniper

• Roman Chamomile

• Marjoram

• Clary Sage

Quality of Essential Oils and Food


As you can see from the handful of vibrational frequencies listed on previous pages it is clear that there are tremendous differences between the vibrational frequencies of everything on this earth and in our bodies. It is also very apparent that the quality of the foods, substances, medicines and essential oils that we use in our daily lives and practices should be of the highest natural quality as possible.

Use foods, oils and supplements with a low vibrational frequency and you risk lower your own body’s frequencies and ending up with worse problems that you started with. Use high quality foods (unprocessed, organic and locally grown when possible) CPTG or Clinical Grade oils and high quality supplements and you will nourish your body on both a physical level and an energetic and emotional level.

It is not just the nutritional content or ingredient list that we need to be concerned with but also the effect these will have on our energy field.

There are only 2 brands of essential oils that I will personally use in my personal and professional practice. They both are unique in their own ways and both are sourced internationally from regions where the medicinal properties of the plants from which they are distilled are the highest available. These brands are doterra and Ameo essential oils.

For More Information and to help

Purchasing the Essential Oils I recommend contact me at 928-713-5617.

Electrically Charged Essential Oils

essential-oils-1433693_640Very few essential oil experts and aroma therapists are aware of the energetic effect of essential oils. This is understandable considering how powerful certified pure therapeutic grade essential oils are in their simplest methods of affecting our physiology on the cellular level. Few have bothered to study essential oils effects on a deeper level because the way they work on the cellular and chemical levels seemed to explain sufficiently their effectiveness in healing our bodies.

My primary research has been in the study of the human biofield and essential oils and during the course of my research I have found some very important words of wisdom that I wish to share. According to Oschman, “Vibrations underlie virtually every aspect of nature” (2000, p. 121). Every cell in the body with its electrons, atoms, molecules and chemical bonds has its own vibrations. Furthermore, information can be transferred from one living organism to another without physical contact by way of entrainment. There are over 90 octaves in the spectrum of electromagnetic vibration frequencies and all therapeutic treatments involve one or more portions of the energy spectrum (Oschman, 2000).

Every cell is designed to run at a specific voltage and frequency so in general disease occurs when cells do not have enough voltage and are running at too low frequency. This is where the little known effect of essential oils comes into play. Essential oils have the highest frequencies of any substances tested so far. A high-quality rose oil tops the frequency charts at 320 MHz with harmonics of 160 and 80. Lavender oil tests at 118 MHz with a harmonic of 59. Wild Tansy is 105 MHz and 53 harmonics. Humans test at 62 to 68 MHz with individual organ systems testing at different frequencies. Furthermore, individual essential oils contain hundreds of frequencies. Certain oils and blends of oils contain frequencies that correspond to a specific organ (Tennant, 2013). The frequency of rose oil is higher than any human cell frequency but its harmonics include 160 MHz and 80 MHz. With the human brain operating at 70 to 78 MHz, rose oil can transfer its energy to the brain because of the similar Hertz range. Furthermore, lavender oil rates at 59 MHz which is very close to the resonant frequency of many human organs including the liver, stomach, spleen and colon.

The fouler things in life also have specific frequencies, viruses, bacteria, germs, and mold all have frequencies although much lower than plants and essential oils. A synthetic essential oil, or simply an inferior quality essential oil that may not be noticeably different that a therapeutic grade oil (at least to the untrained user) certainly will not have the same frequency or effect that a certified pure therapeutic grade essential oil will have. In fact, these oils will not only be unable to produce the same healing effect but may indeed have detrimental effects because of their inferior chemical and energetic properties.

David Stewart (2013) discusses the way essential oil molecules affect the body by way of entrainment. The essential oils resonate with body tissues at frequencies intrinsic to the body’s own spectrum along with the harmonic and beat frequencies. These frequencies increase the body’s own electromagnetic vibrations and restore coherence to the human electric field in ways that produce healing and maintain wellness.

Dr. Tennant explains that from his studies and experiments he found that the essential oils were getting results which he had assumed was because the oils were correcting the cellular voltage. However he says that he soon found that the oils did not change the voltage. Further study revealed that the oils were changing the signals coming from the DNA to the proteins in the cells. Dr. Tennant likens this to the way a software antivirus program corrects errors in the computer software. Dr. Tennant claims the essential oils correct the information being sent from the DNA to the proteins in cells.

The frequency aspect of essential oils also helps us to understand why some oils work
differently on the same condition with different people. Each of us also has our own frequencies and harmonics and these will respond differently to the frequencies and harmonics of any given oil. This can be compared to the way our body reacts chemically to a certain perfume or cologne. I personally have sniffed some fabulous aromas out of fancy perfume bottles only to apply it and get a much different (and far less pleasant) resulting aroma.

If you would like more information on any of the information contained here I suggest you read the books below that I have referenced. I am continuing to do research in this area and will continue to share my research. My dissertation is under way and will examine the effects of certified pure therapeutic grade essentials oils _on the human biofield.


Oschman, J. (2000). Energy Medicine- the scientific basis. Churchill Livingston, USA: New Hampshire.

Stewart, D. (2013). The chemistry of essential oils made simple, God’s love manifest in molecules. Care Publishing, USA: Missouri

Tennant, J., (2013). Healing is voltage, the handbook, (3rd edition). USA:California

Essential Oils as Antibiotics?

aroma-906137_640Antibiotics have done much good for many people in the last 100 years or so but not without cost. They are becoming highly overused and this has led and is leading to antibiotic resistance.

There is an ever increasing occurrence of antibiotic resistant strains of bacterial pathogens that is creating a major threat to public health and has become a concern of worldwide health authorities. Some of the most common antibiotic resistant pathogens include Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vanomycin-resistant enterocci (VRE) (Mulynaning, Sporer, Reichling, & Wink, 2011). Few will deny an urgent need to find alternative antimicrobial agents to treat the ever increasing list of drug resistant microbial strains. This presents a prime opportunity for alternative medicine to rise to the occasion and prove it has something to offer that will gain the respect of conventional medicine.

Essential oils have been in use for thousands of years longer than any conventional medication and have been prized for centuries for their healing and preserving properties. Plant oils are indeed essential to the protection of the plant and work as antifungals, antivirals, insecticides and antibacterials.

There are three basic methods of utilizing essential oils for therapeutic results. The most common method is inhalation of the oil, but oils are also used topically, or transdermally, and internally. Essential oils can also be used in suppository form rectally or vaginally depending upon the goal of treatment and oil used. For antibiotic uses, the oils are typically diffused into the air or applied topically to the skin. Certain oils can also be taken internally in a capsule for internal antibiotic use but caution must be exercised and the purity of the oil should be considered.

When an essential oil molecule is inhaled through the nasal passages, the odor molecule is sensed by the olfactory cells of the olfactory epithelium. The olfactory cells have hair like structures called cilia that extend from dendrites in the nasal cavity. These cilia have receptors that bind to specific odor molecules and when this binding occurs, the olfactory cells send a signal through the cribriform bone plate at the roof of the nasal cavity to the olfactory bulb. The olfactory bulb then transmits the signal along the lateral olfactory tract to the corresponding brain regions including the amygdala. Due to the olfactory system being so closely connected to the limbic system “essential oils have profound physiological and psychological effects ” (Modern Essentials, 2012, p. 32).

When the essential oils are applied topically to the skin, the molecules are absorbed into the bloodstream and carried throughout the tissues, organs and muscle cells. The byproducts of the oils are excreted through the skin, kidneys, bladder, lungs and large intestine, the same as other food is processed by the body(Rose, 2007). Transdermal absorption of essential oils has the possibility of producing central nervous system effects (Herz, 2009).

One phenomenal study done at Wythenshawe hospital in England diffused a blend of East Indian lemongrass and sweet scented geranium essential oils into the air. An airborne bacterium, including MRSA was reduced by 89% after being diffused for 15 hours. The vaporizer diffusing these oils continued to operate for 9 months in the hospital’s burn unit and resulted in the disappearance of MRSA infections along with a dramatic decrease in other infections. The control portion of this studied removed the essential oils for the last 2 months of the study and this resulted in a MRSA outbreak (Stafford, 2011).

Many different essential oils have some of the same chemical constituents in their biological makeup and those contained in this report do not reflect a complete listing of essential oils. A Canadian- based research study evaluated twenty eight essential oils to determine antibacterial properties, and the most effective essential oils in this study were thyme essential oils that had significant levels of thymol and carvacrol (Tisserand, 2012). Four different lavender essential oils, Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula latifolia, Lavandula stoechas and Lavendual luisieri inhibited the growth of MSSA and MRSA by direct contact (Roller, et al., 2009).

The antimicrobial properties of melaleuca, peppermint and sage have proven to be very effective against anaerobic oral bacteria (Hill, Evans & Veness, 1997). Additionally, the oils of, “ cinnamon, thyme, lemon, lemon balm (Melissa officinalis, Lamiaceae), lemongrass, sage, clary sage (S. sclarea, Lamiaceae), and eucalyptus essential oils have been found to be active against several bacterial strains, including MRSA, S. aureus, E. coli, S. epidermidis, Candida krusei, S. pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza, and Moraxella catarrhalis (Stafford, 2010, p. 7).

Growing conditions of the plants have a direct relation to the strength and quality of the chemical components of the essential oils. According to Hill et al. (1997), significant differences were noted in oil composition based upon level and duration of moisture stress. Furthermore, if an oil is considered for internal use it should be therapeutic grade and labeled safe for internal use.

Essential oils have many different potential methods of overcoming microbial invaders. Essential oils have the ability to act as pro-oxidants on the protein and DNA production of reactive oxygen species bacteria and can damage the cellular and organelle membranes. Bacteria membrane permeability is affected by ion loss with subsequent membrane potential reduction and proton pump collapse along with ATP pool depletion. Other mechanisms of bacterial death that can be initiated by essential oils include the ability to coagulate the cytoplasm of the bacteria and cause damage to the lipids, proteins and cell wall leading to macromolecule leakage and cell lysis. Additionally, the fluidity of the membrane can change causing cellular leakage (Bakkali et al., 2008).


Hill, P., Evans, C., Veness, R. (1997). Antimicrobial action of essential oils: the effect of

dimethylsulphoxide on the activity of cinnamon oil. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 24, 269-275

Herz, R. (2009). Aromatherapy facts and fictions: A scientific analysis of olfactory effects on

mood, physiology and behavior, International Journal of Neuroscience 119, 263-290. Doi:10.1080/00207450802333953

Modern Essentials (2012) A contemporary guide to the therapeutic use of essential oils, 3rd ed.,

Abundant Health LLC. Utah: USA

Rose, J. (2007). Guided imagery and nine simple aromatic oils for mental and physical health. Aromatic News, 6, Aromatic Plant Project. Retrieved from